Dating guerrilla tactic
The next 100 or so years saw much conflict between King Trieu Da and the Han emperors of China. C., Nam Viet was conquered and incorporated into the Chinese empire. They successfully drove out the Chinese and the nation lived free from Chinese rule until three years later when Viet Nam was reconquered.Thus began the Vietnamese people's tradition of fighting to remain free and independent. This next period of Chinese domination lasted until 539, when a Vietnamese scholar, Ly Bon again drove out the Chinese rulers, only to have Viet Nam reinvaded a few years later.
This legend symbolizes the importance of uniting the two main geographic and cultural areas of Viet Nam -- the mountains (representing the north) and lowlands (representing the south) in forming one united country.The Vietnamese used this as an opportunity to again fight for their independence.General Ngo Quyen successfully drove out the Chinese rulers and established the first of the "Great Dynasties" of Viet Nam that managed to remain largely independent of all foreign powers for the next 944 years.Fifty years later, a Chinese general, Trieu Da, conquered the kingdom and formed the new nation of Nam Viet.Many scholars and Vietnamese consider this to be the end of historical legend and the true beginning of modern Vietnamese history.Pronounced "Lee." According to tradition, the first Emperor Ly had a dream of a dragon rising out of the ground and ascending into heaven.
This inspired him to move the capital to where he dreamt the dragon first rising out from the ground, in the city of Thang Long, which was later renamed "Hanoi." This is also why Viet Nam is sometimes called the Land of the Rising Dragon.
The monotonic Mon-Khmer language gave Vietnamese many of its basic words and the Tai languages contributed many aspects of tonality and grammar.
Also, because the Chinese dominated Vietnamese culture and history for almost almost a millenium, not suprisingly, much of the Vietnamese language's political, literary, philosophical, military, and religious vocabulary comes from Chinese, although the pronunciations have changed through the years.
The Nguyen lords also incorporated the remaining Champa and eastern Khmer empires into Viet Nam, as the nation reached its present size and shape by 1757 (except for the southernmost Soc Trang province).
Despite continuing revolts, the nation was again unified.
This period is also considered to be the "golden era" of Viet Nam.